Kibbutz Reshafim, 10905, Israel -

Communications: telephone and internet

Before 1983 the number of phone lines connecting the kibbutz to the great, scary world around us could be counted on one hand: The secretariat, the kibbutz manager and one or two other funcionaries had a phone at work. The most important phone was the one in the dining room: used for everything and by everybody.
Then, like wild pigs in search of truffles, we plowed over the whole kibbutz, laying cables for telephones and cable tv to all the buildings in the kibbutz, and (with rare foresight) we laid extra tubes which came in very handy when in the early 2000s we began to develop our own local area network with access to the internet.
Since those early days in the 1980s we have replaced the telephone exchange twice (in 1997 a TX1 and in 2011 an exchange from Panasonic), our latest being capable of serving IP phones. The cabling still consisted of twisted copper pairs, but we were looking forward to a future holding visions of light: fibre optic to the home for phone, tv and internet alike. We wiould have to dig up the whole kibbutz again to lay fibre cables to existing neighbourhoods, not something I was really looking forward to with any amount of joy.
telephone exchange- This is our latest telephone exchange.
telephone exchange We've removed all the innards of the cabinet of our first exchange from 1984 and filled it with computers: backup servers, web servers etc.
communications cabinet- This cabinet contained the main switch and the fibre optic converters connected to the optical cables to the various neighbourhoods. We were still using FTTC (fibre to the cabinet) architecture: the end users were connected by STP copper wire to the optical cable via switches and converters in neighbourhood cabinets.

cabling cabinet 2016: That has been done away with: we've laid new FO cables and had to dig up the whole eastern part of the kibbutz, but now we are all connected by our own 1 Gb fibre optic cables.
The landline telephones are connected over the FO cables as well. We had special routers installed to which ordinary phones can connect.
In April, the maintenance of the communications infrastructure and of the computers used by the kibbutz administration and its branches has been outsourced.

2017: Our bandwith to the internet has been doubled to 200Mb. Because of the deterioration of the telephone infrastructure in the agricultural sector of the kibbutz, we've laid fibre optics cable to the various offices.


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January 2017